By Aude Bresson. Porcelain Tile. Published at Saturday, May 11th, 2019 - 17:44:29 PM.
Porcelain tiles are durable and require a minimal tile cleaning maintenance programme. They are highly recommended for heavy wear areas in any home or property. What is considered as a heavy-duty material is therefore regularly used in kitchens, hallways, bathrooms and other areas of the home with no compromise in aesthetic appeal. With an emphasis on long-term performance and longevity, porcelain flooring is heat-resistant, frost proof and breathable. These factors mean that porcelain floor tiling is a great option combined with under floor heating as they conduct heat fabulously, adding to energy efficiency.
Glazed porcelain tiles are coated with liquid glass, and then baked so that the protection is impervious to wear and tear as well as stains. Unglazed tiles do not have a coated surface, and full body porcelain tiles don't show wear anyhow due to the colour and design being throughout the entire tile. These types of tiles have a PEI rating of 0-5 meaning they can be used in any area. PEI classes are 0 through 5. The porcelain enamel institute scale is one that is used to help detect areas that tiles should be used in. The glazed tiles that have the overall 0 to 5 rating can be used anywhere from no foot traffic to industrial traffic, making them ideal for use in your home.
Through-bodied porcelain is ideal for commercial locations because they withstand heavy foot traffic. The color won't fade because there is no glaze and if a tile does chip, the color is the same underneath, making the chip less noticeable. These tiles can also be installed in homes as flooring, on walls or countertops, and in wet locations such as the kitchen or bathroom. Glazed porcelain tile is made from porcelain (a mixture of clay, sand and minerals), fired in a kiln and has a glazed finish. The glaze is usually tinted and is a glass wear layer (liquid glass) that is baked into the surface and gives the tile its final color. If glaze is then polished, the tile must be sealed after installation to make it non-porous. The glaze finish makes this tile stain resistant and has more color and texture options.
First off porcelain is a much denser tile than ceramic and less likely to chip. Also it's absorption rate is less, which makes it frost resistant and suitable for both indoor and outdoor installations.* But if a glazed porcelain tile chips, you will see the porcelain. In many cases buying a porcelain tile for a residential product is overdoing it and a ceramic tile will do just fine for your project. Every tile, ceramic or porcelain, has a PEI rating. The PEI rating should be the determining factor in making your final decision, not whether the tile is ceramic or porcelain. The PEI rating will tell us how resistant a tile is to chipping or scratching. Below are the PEI ratings and the recommended use for each rating.
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