Published at Saturday, May 18th, 2019 - 10:19:12 AM. Porcelain Tile. By Frederic Vaillant.
First off porcelain is a much denser tile than ceramic and less likely to chip. Also it's absorption rate is less, which makes it frost resistant and suitable for both indoor and outdoor installations.* But if a glazed porcelain tile chips, you will see the porcelain. In many cases buying a porcelain tile for a residential product is overdoing it and a ceramic tile will do just fine for your project. Every tile, ceramic or porcelain, has a PEI rating. The PEI rating should be the determining factor in making your final decision, not whether the tile is ceramic or porcelain. The PEI rating will tell us how resistant a tile is to chipping or scratching. Below are the PEI ratings and the recommended use for each rating.
The term porcelain was coined from the Italian word ”porcellana” because of its translucent characteristic similar to the cowrie shell. Porcelain was first developed in China and was exported to Europe between the 17th and 18th century. Beautiful jars and other delicate ornaments were made from porcelain, but the discovery of its base material from soft paste to hard past has made porcelain an important industrial commodity. Porcelain is resistant to high temperatures, resistant to abrasions, and is also non-porous, which allows very minimal water absorption. Today, porcelain is an important material for insulation and is popularly used for dental prosthesis and veneers. That is why porcelain tiles are excellent choices for residential and commercial finishing.
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