Published at Thursday, May 23rd, 2019 - 07:54:47 AM. Ceramic Tile. By Carola Hamon.
The History of Ceramic Tiles. Essentially made of clay, ceramic floor tiles date as far back as prehistoric times. Though extremely rudimentary, even back then they were being decorated in pigment and carved to produce a pleasing result. Eventually, it was discovered that firing the clay at very high heat made it much stronger and also gave it a degree of water resistance and resilience. Cultures all over the world used variations of the tile to decorate temples, homes and various structures, from ancient Greece and Rome to Asian countries. Glazed tiles were then initiated by the Persians and who created mosaics and interesting graduations in colour using the smaller tile pieces. In modern times, manufacturers of the product typically use the pressed-dust mode of production. But no matter the method, all ceramic tiles are fired to increase durability. In the end, what dictates the price of a ceramic tile is the quality of the clay used, how many times it has been fired and at what heat.
The composition of vitrified tiles is homogenous in nature. Ceramic tiles only have a decorative glaze on top of its clay layer. To achieve a glossy look, vitrified tiles are manually polished. Ceramic tiles however bases its beauty to the durability of the glaze applied over it. However, most glazes are not that durable and scratch resistant and over time, it yellows, it cracks and it chips. Both vitrified and ceramic tiles are difficult to stain because of its non – porous properties. However, the grout that places them intact is the one who is more likely to be stained.
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