Published at Friday, May 10th, 2019 - 23:19:26 PM. Porcelain Tile. By Hilaire Marc.
Porcelain tile and ceramic tile both start off the same, being composed of more or less the same materials, such as clay and quartz. After formation, they are both fired to high temperatures. What spells out the difference between the ceramic white tile and porcelain tile is that the latter uses a more highly refined and purified clay, making the porcelain tile denser than the other tile. This is an extremely important difference, since being more dense means that porcelain tile absorbs far less moisture, making it both durable and stain resistant.
Ask a tile sales person whether porcelain tiles are stronger and more durable than ceramic tiles and in most cases the answer will be yes. But although porcelain tiles are indeed strong and durable, that answer is essentially incorrect. As I stated above, porcelain tiles ARE ceramic tiles. Porcelain is simply a type of ceramic clay. Porcelain tiles are those which have the lowest absorption rates of all the ceramic tiles available. To be classed as ”porcelain,” a tile cannot absorb more than .5 percent of it's total mass in water. Many porcelain tiles absorb less than that — down to as little as .1 percent. In the industry, these tiles are called ”impervious.” There is no confusion on this matter among installers. We call ourselves ceramic tile setters, not porcelain tile setters. It's just that as it turns out, most of the floor tiles we install nowadays are made from porcelain.
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