By Margot Auge. Porcelain Tile. Published at Tuesday, May 14th, 2019 - 15:07:38 PM.
Application of tiles, are rated according to the Porcelain Enamel Institute (PEI) rating system from PEI Class 1 up to PEI Class 5. If you are looking for the right tiles to be used for your walls or ceiling, the PEI Class 1 is recommended, because the tiles are not exposed to any impact. You can choose the PEI Classes 2 and 3 for your bathroom tiles, and the PEI Classes 3 to 5 as kitchen and tabletops and as flooring in any part of your home or building according to the impact, foot traffic, or exposure of the area where you will install your porcelain tiles.
Sales of floor tiles in the U.S. and Canada have doubled in slightly over a decade, and the popularity of tiled floors continues to increase at a dramatic rate. The rise in tile sales can be attributed to two factors primarily: a determined and well-thought-out effort developed and sustained by marketing and sales forces within the industry; and by constant and significant improvements achieved by tile manufacturers over the past couple of decades. In slightly over twenty years we've come from fairly soft ”knob-back” floor tiles made from terracotta-like clays to extremely dense dust pressed porcelains that are all but indestructible. Walk into any tile salesroom today, and you will find mostly porcelain tiles displayed.
There was a time in the past when porcelain was synonymous with decorative pieces such as vases, chinaware, figurines, and the like. The misconception that porcelain was fragile or delicate was common. However, the many uses of porcelain have grown through time, and it continues to be a valuable material in the dental profession for dental prosthesis and dental veneers. Today, porcelain is a major industrial material used in insulation because porcelain is highly resistant to heat, resistant to abrasion, and is non-porous. That is why porcelain makes excellent floor tiles for both residential and commercial use.
It can be used as flooring material or can be used on walls. The glazed version is favored for bathroom walls. It has a low water absorption rate so it is ideal for areas that may potentially become wet. These types of tiles are graded based on their hardness and the ability to resist water absorption. There is a scale that is set that rates the Porcelain tile from zero to five with the hardest being five. The harder tiles are used in flooring and wall applications while the lower rated material is used as an electrical insulator is appliances and other electronic devices. It is extremely chip resistant and is perfectly permissible to be used on counter top surfaces, in many instances Porcelain tile is not only more resistant than natural stone but it also can be easier to care for. It does not require any special sealants or treatments and can be less absorbent than natural stone.
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